Early diagnoses[ edit ] The earliest known descriptions of cancer appear in several papyri from Ancient Egypt. The Edwin Smith Papyrus was written around BC possibly a fragmentary copy of a text from BC and contains a description of cancer, as well as a procedure to remove breast tumours by cauterization. Treatment was based on the humor theory of four bodily fluids black and yellow bile, blood, and phlegm.
Treatment is different for early and advanced prostate cancers. Early stage prostate cancer If the cancer is small and localized, it is usually managed by one of the following treatments: Watchful waiting or monitoring: PSA blood levels are regularly checked, but there is no immediate action.
The risk of side-effects sometimes outweighs the need for immediate treatment for this slow-developing cancer. The prostate is surgically removed.
Traditional surgery requires a hospital stay of up to 10 days, with a recovery time of up to 3 months. Robotic keyhole surgery involves a shorter hospitalization and recovery period, but it can be more expensive.
Patients should speak to their insurer about coverage. Radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate to deliver targeted radiation treatment.
Radiation beams are shaped so that the region where they overlap is as close to the same shape as the organ or region that requires treatment. This minimizes healthy tissue exposure to radiation. Intensity modulated radiation therapy: Beams with variable intensity are used.
This is an advanced form of conformal radiation therapy. In the early stages, patients may receive radiation therapy combined with hormone therapy for 4 to 6 months. Treatment recommendations depend on individual cases.
The patient should discuss all available options with their urologist or oncologist. Advanced prostate cancer Advanced cancer is more aggressive and will have spread further throughout the body.
Chemotherapy may be recommended, as it can kill cancer cells around the body. Androgen deprivation therapy ADTor androgen suppression therapy, is a hormone treatment that reduces the effect of androgen. Androgens are male hormones that can stimulate cancer growth.
ADT can slow down and even stop cancer growth by reducing androgen levels. The patient will likely need long-term hormone therapy. Even if the hormone therapy stops working after a while, there may be other options. Participation in clinical trials is one option that a patient may wish to discuss with the doctor.
Radical prostatectomy is not currently an option for advanced cases, as it does not treat the cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Fertility As the prostate is directly involved with sexual reproduction, removing it affects semen production and fertility.
Radiation therapy affects the prostate tissue and often reduces the ability to father children. The sperm can be damaged and the semen insufficient for transporting sperm. Options for preserving these functions can include donating to a sperm bank before surgery, or having sperm extracted directly from the testicles for artificial insemination into an egg.
However, the success of these options is never guaranteed.DS Research a premiere organization is famous in India for Ayurvedic Treatment for Cancer and is a pioneer in Cancer Treatment in India and offers ayurvedic medicine for cancer.
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