Chapter 8 apes

Boom and Bust A type of cycle that shows an increase in its population but then levels off. S for sensitivity factor.

Chapter 8 apes

Physical description[ edit ] The great apes are large, tailless primates, with the smallest living species being the bonobo at 30—40 kilograms in weight, and the largest being the eastern gorillas, with males weighing — kilograms. In all great apes, the males are, on average, larger and stronger than the females, although the degree of sexual dimorphism varies greatly among species.

Although most living species are predominantly quadrupedalthey are all able to use their hands for gathering food or nesting materials, and, in some cases, for tool use. Chimpanzees and orangutans primarily eat fruit. When gorillas run short of fruit at certain times of the year or in certain regions, they resort to eating shoots and leaves, often of bambooa type of grass.

Gorillas have extreme adaptations for chewing and digesting such low-quality forage, but they still prefer fruit when it is available, often going miles out of their way to find especially Chapter 8 apes fruits.

Humans, since the neolithic revolutionconsume mostly cereals and other starchy foods, including increasingly highly processed foodsas well as many other domesticated plants including fruits and meat. Hominid teeth are similar to those of the Old World monkeys and gibbonsalthough they are especially large in gorillas.

The dental formula is 2. Human teeth and jaws are markedly smaller for their size than those of other apes, which may be an adaptation to eating cooked food since the end of the Pleistocene.

The young are born helpless, and require care for long periods of time. Compared with most other mammals, great apes have a remarkably long adolescence, not being weaned for several years, and not becoming fully mature for eight to thirteen years in most species longer in humans.

As a result, females typically give birth only once every few years. There is no distinct breeding season. Chimpanzees live in larger groups that break up into smaller groups when fruit becomes less available.

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When small groups of female chimpanzees go off in separate directions to forage for fruit, the dominant males can no longer control them and the females often mate with other subordinate males.

In contrast, groups of gorillas stay together regardless of the availability of fruit. When fruit is hard to find, they resort to eating leaves and shoots. Because gorilla groups stay together, the male is able to monopolize the females in his group.

This fact is related to gorillas' greater sexual dimorphism relative to that of chimpanzees; that is, the difference in size between male and female gorillas is much larger than that of male and female chimpanzees.

This enables gorilla males to physically dominate female gorillas more easily.

Chapter 8 apes

In both chimpanzees and gorillas, the groups include at least one dominant male, and females leave the group at maturity. Legal status[ edit ] Due to the close genetic relationship between humans and other great apes, certain animal rights organizations, such as the Great Ape Projectargue that nonhuman great apes are persons and should be given basic human rights.

Some countries have instituted a research ban to protect great apes from any kind of scientific testing. On June 25,the Spanish parliament supported a new law that would make "keeping apes for circuses, television commercials or filming" illegal.Caesar and his apes are forced into a deadly conflict with an army of humans led by a ruthless Colonel.

After the apes suffer unimaginable losses, Caesar wrestles with his darker instincts and begins his own mythic quest to avenge his kind. The Hominidae (/ h ɒ ˈ m ɪ n ɪ d iː /), whose members are known as great apes or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes eight extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, which includes modern humans and its extinct relatives .

The Universe is a simple place. Vast stretches of space filled with nothingness. Yet as it developed over billions of years, it grew increasingly complex. Incest stories: Grandpa’s Milk – Chapter I seem to have gathered a (an impatient!) following!

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My apologies for making you wait! The first ten stories were pre-written and now I am working chapter to chapter. APES (A.P. Environmental Science) Notes & Handouts First semester.

This page will be updated throughout the school year to reflect our new textbook. After conquering the oppressive humans in "Conquest for the Planet of the Apes", Caesar must now keep the peace among the humans and apes. Gorilla General Aldo views things differently, and tries to cause an ape civil war.

Incest stories: Grandpa's Milk - Chapter 17