With more land covered under agriculture and based on the facts and figures of productivity of the food grains required, the question that arises is "will India's water bodies fill up,especially in the southern India where water bodies are rain-fed? However, agriculture has been dealt a blow because of declining public investment in agriculture in the recent past and the lack of any initiative to increase irrigated area. Though India is endowed with land and water resources, shortage is beginning to be felt. The benefits are increased irrigation intensity, water availability for drinking and industrial purposes and tackling drought and floods.
Coastal reservoir Some activists and scholars have, between andquestioned the merits of Indian rivers inter-link projects, and questioned if appropriate study of benefits and risks to environment and ecology has been completed so far.
Interlinking may also lead to deforestation and cause ecological imbalances. Construction of environmentally benign multi purpose fresh water coastal reservoirs with massive storage capacities to inter link the Indian rivers can fully meet irrigation, domestic, industrial, ecological, environmental, etc water requirements without social displacement impacts, poor river and ground water quality impacts and land or forest submergence with cheaper initial and operating costs.
Further, the inter-link would create a path for aquatic ecosystems to migrate from one river to another, which in turn may affect the livelihoods of people who rely on Connecting rivers india essay as their income. As regards to the impact on fish and aquatic biodiversity, there could be positive as well as negative impacts.
Poverty and population issues[ edit ] India has a growing population, and large impoverished rural population that relies on monsoon-irrigated agriculture.
Weather uncertainties, and potential climate change induced weather volatilities, raise concerns of social stability and impact of floods and droughts on rural poverty. The population of India is expected to grow further at a decelerating pace and stabilize around 1. This will increase demand for reliable sources of food and improved agriculture yields — both of which, claims India's National Council of Applied Economic Research,  require significantly improve irrigation network than the current state.
The average rainfall in India is about 4, billion cubic metre, of which annual surface water flow in India is estimated at 1, billion cubic metre. Of this, for topological and other reasons, only about billion cubic metre of the available surface water can be utilised for irrigation, industrial, drinking and ground water replenishment purposes.
In other words, about 1, billion cubic metre of water is available, on average, every year for irrigation in India. Proponents claim the answers to India's water problem is to conserve the abundant monsoon water bounty, store it in reservoirs, and use this water in areas which have occasional inadequate rainfall, or are known to be drought-prone or in those times of the year when water supplies become scarce.
However, they suggest that there is a lack of an international legal framework for the projects India is proposing.
In at least some inter-link projects, neighboring countries such as Bangladesh may be affected, and international concerns for the project must be negotiated. Technological developments[ edit ] Cost of power generation by solar power projects would be below Rs. Jairam Ramesha cabinet minister in former UPA government, said the idea of interlinking India's rivers was a "disaster", putting a question mark on the future of the ambitious project.
Karunanidhi said the government should make an assessment of the project's feasibility starting with the south-bound rivers. DMK for general elections added Nationalisation and inter-linking of rivers to its manifesto.
Kalpasar Project is an irrigation project which envisages storing Narmada River water in an off-shore fresh water reservoir located in Gulf of Khambhat sea for further pumping to arid Sourashtra region for irrigation use.
But it's considered as a true not river interlinking as it is just a small lift irrigation with few lines of pipes.Interlinking of rivers in India – Advantages & Disadvantages Introduction: Interlinking of Rivers is nothing but joining the rivers of the country by networks of canals and reservoirs.
Short essay on Importance of Rivers in India Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles On December 26, By Vikash Pathak The rivers in India are all holy.
Essay on the most popular Rivers of India. As the rivers of the north India have their sources in the Himalayas, they are perennial, being snow-fed in summer. The major rivers are the Ganga and its tributaries, the Brahmaputra and the Sutlej, Ravi and Beas. [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India: Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc.
follow site Subscribe polity 25 Comments 6 years Ago What is the inter-linking river project? May 06, · The initial plan to interlink India’s rivers came in from a British irrigation engineer, Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton.
and the spate of projects that involve connecting 14 for Himalayan Author: Jacob Koshy & Samarth Bansal. May 06, · 1hr India to install argues that river interlinking will cost the government about Rs.
10 trillion and the spate of projects that involve connecting 14 for Himalayan rivers and 16 in Author: Jacob Koshy & Samarth Bansal.