Leadership Development Resources Hispanics: Education Issues Hispanic communities face educational issues similar to other minority groups, including the need for adequate funding for schools serving minority and disadvantaged students, as well as other issues with a special impact on the community: Student achievement gaps need to be aggressively addressed.
Young children learn many language, social, and practical skills in preschool that benefit them immediately and also enhance their chances for future achievement.
For poor children, preschool helps to offset the social, emotional, physical, and cognitive burdens that can result from their living situation.
For those who speak little or no English, preschool can provide a valuable bilingual education Kagan, Nevertheless, Hispanic parents have been slow to overcome their historical reluctance to turn their young children over to non-family members for care.
Nearly half of Hispanic mothers stay at home to raise their children. Even parents who need child care frequently prefer using relatives rather than a preschool, given the size and strength of extended Hispanic families and traditional deep concerns about child safety Fuller et al.
The educational boost that preschool provides is particularly important for the one-quarter of Hispanic Prehispanic education that are poor by Federal guidelines. While Hispanic families are like others in that they want their children to succeed in school, poverty can seriously impede children's academic success and their parents' ability to actively foster high achievement.
This digest describes strategies and programs specially designed to meet the early education needs of Hispanic children, particularly those whose families suffer from poverty. It Prehispanic education reviews efforts to recruit the children; to involve their parents in activities that will enhance their children's learning; and to provide parents with literacy, job, and other skills training, and a range of social services.
Hundreds of such programs, developed by community leaders and educators around the country, are now operating.
The review here examines preschool experiences in situations where the vast majority of families are Hispanic, but it offers insights applicable to preschools in communities with only a small Hispanic population.
It is limited to programs committed to strengthening children's knowledge of the various Hispanic cultures and the Spanish language as they teach English, although not all preschool programs use a bilingual strategy to teaching English literacy.
Similar strategies also promote parent involvement during their children's school attendance. In fact, parent involvement is frequently the only common denominator among successful education programs for all children Lewis, Preschool recruiters in the Hispanic community are not necessarily associated with a particular school.
They may be church leaders, members of community-based organizations CBOs or job training staffs, social service providers, or even pediatricians, but they share the goal of ensuring that young children receive an effective early education Lewis, It is best for recruiters to communicate with parents about the benefits of preschool using the parents' native language if their English language skills are limited, in person, on the telephone, and in notes.
Using their native language, even when parents are bilingual, promotes trust as well as better communication. Meetings should be held in conveniently located and neutral locations i. Scheduling should take parents' work schedules into account. It is important for recruiters to recognize that some parents, particularly immigrant and poor parents, may not agree that children will benefit academically from early childhood education.
Showing parents how the whole family can benefit from their children's preschool attendance is also an effective recruiting strategy. Project FLAME, a Federally-funded urban program for Mexican American families, not only teaches literacy skills to the parents and preschoolers, but encourages parents to draw on these skills for personal empowerment when dealing with the various public agencies in their lives.
Other attractive parent programs include workshops on topics of great relevance, such as parenting skills, gang awareness, communication and study skills, and vocational training McLeod, ; Espinosa, Even simply providing parents with information about community medical and social services and with forms they need i.
More general recruiting strategies, usually undertaken by preschools themselves, are media releases in English and Spanish and brightly colored leaflets distributed to churches, CBOs, and other places where parents can be found. Some have educational components that consist of just a few minutes a day of direct instruction in skills building of any kind sometimes delivered by a video presentation.
Others use a carefully constructed age-appropriate academic curriculum that fills the day. Some have staffs with degrees in early childhood education and with state certification; others employ community members whose experience is limited to what they learned from rearing their own children.
While certain locally-funded preschools in poorer communities may suffer from a lack of resources of all types, those with Head Start, Even Start, and other government funding may provide a better education than even the most expensive private preschools Kagan, The pre-Hispanic education in Mexico it had an order very well represented by the largest civilizations of the time, particularly Mesoamerican Maya and Aztec.
Although the structure of the educational system hardly resembled that of today, there was an organized system where the good performance of the students was rewarded.
Mayan ethnobotany, agriculture, crops, foods, sacred plants, flowers, trees of Guatemala, Belize, Mexico, and Honduras.
Education in Mexico has a long history. The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico was founded by royal decree in , a few months after the National University of San Marcos in Lima. By comparison, Harvard College, the oldest in Anglo-America, was founded in Education in Mexico was until relatively recently largely confined to .
Buy A Bronx Tale: Read Movies & TV Reviews - ashio-midori.com Preschool recruiters in the Hispanic community are not necessarily associated with a particular school. They may be church leaders, members of community-based organizations (CBOs) or job training staffs, social service providers, or even pediatricians, but they share the goal of ensuring that young children receive an effective early education (Lewis, ).
Mexican art consists of various visual arts that developed over the geographical area now known as Mexico. The development of these arts roughly follows the history of Mexico, divided into the prehispanic Mesoamerican era, the colonial period, with the period after Mexican War of Independence further subdivided.
Mexican art is usually filled most of .