Inseveral events occurred that caused Gray stress.
Horror in ancient Greece and Rome[ edit ] Athenodorus The genre of horror has ancient origins with roots in folklore and religious traditions, focusing on death, the afterlife, evil, the demonic and the principle of the thing embodied in the person.
European horror fiction became established through works by the Ancient Greeks and Ancient Romans. Prometheus ' earliest known appearance is in Hesiod 's Theogony. Asclepius revived Hippolytus from death. Euripides wrote plays based on the story, "Hippolytos Kalyptomenos" and Hippolytus. Cimon " describes the spirit of the murdererDamon, who himself was murdered in a bathhouse in Chaeronea.
Athenodorus was cautious since the house was inexpensive. As Athenodorus writes a book about philosophy, he is visited by an aberration bound in chains.
The figure disappears in the courtyard ; the following day, the magistrates dig up the courtyard to find an unmarked grave. The revolt by the Gothsthe Germanic believers of Gothic paganismearned them a reputation amongst several early writers and their texts, such as Scriptores Historiae Augustae, Vita Gallienii.
Marie de France wrote one of the twelve lais as a werewolf story entitled " Bisclavret ". Anonymous writers penned two werewolf stories, "Biclarel" and " Melion ". Much of horror fiction derived itself from the cruelest faces in world history, particularly those who lived in the fifteenth-century.
The pamphlet published by Markus Ayrer is most notable for its woodcut imagery. This marked the first incorporated elements of the supernatural instead of pure realism. In fact, the first edition was published disguised as an actual medieval romance from Italy discovered and republished by a fictitious translator.
Loudon 's " The Mummy!: Each of these novels and novellas created an enduring icon of horror seen in modern re-imaginings on the stage and screen. One writer who specialized in horror fiction for mainstream pulps such as All-Story Magazine was Tod Robbinswhose fiction dealt with themes of madness and cruelty.
Particularly, the venerated horror author H. Lovecraftand his enduring Cthulhu Mythos pioneered the genre of cosmic horrorand M. James is credited with redefining the ghost story in that era. The serial murderer became a recurring theme in horror fiction.
Yellow journalism and sensationalism of various murderers, such as Jack the Ripperand lesser so, Carl PanzramFritz Haarmanand Albert Fishall perpetuated this phenomenon.
An example of this is found in Charles S. Belden 's unpublished short story, "The Wax Works". The trend continued in the postwar era, partly renewed after the murders committed by Ed Gein.
InRobert Blochinspired by the murders, wrote Psycho. The character is said to be based on the real life Dr. InHarris wrote the sequel, The Silence of the Lambs. Early cinema was inspired by many aspects of horror literature, and early horror cinema started a strong tradition of horror films and subgenres based on horror fiction that continues to this day.
Up until the graphic depictions of violence and gore on the screen commonly associated with the s and s slasher films and splatter filmscomic books such as those published by EC Comics famous for series such as Tales From The Crypt in the s satisfied readers' quests for horror imagery that the silver screen could not provide.
Many modern novels claim an early description of the living dead in a precursor to the modern zombie tale, including Dennis Wheatley 's "Strange Conflict"H.
Richard Matheson 's novel I Am Legend would also influence an entire genre of apocalyptic zombie fiction emblematic of the films of George A.
Contemporary horror fiction[ edit ].Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard is a poem by Thomas Gray, completed in and first published in The poem's origins are unknown, but it was partly inspired by Gray's thoughts following the death of the poet Richard West in The novel unfolds largely in the capital just before, during and just after the war and its metropolitan topography moves mainly between the north side of Clapham Common, where Henry Miles, a senior civil servant, lives with his wife Sarah in a ‘desireless’ marriage, and the south side (socially, at that time, ‘the wrong side’) of the Common .
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