The organism after genetic engineering is known as a genetically modified organism. Genetic Engineering can also be referred as Genetic Modification. This article will provide you help with college essay writing on the significance of genetic engineering. Your college essay will include an introduction, body and conclusion.
In other words, it is the process of adding or modifying DNA in an organism to bring about great deal of transformation. We feared that soon we would be interfering with nature, trying to play God and cheat him out of his chance to decide whether we were blonde or dark haired, whether we had blue or bright green eyes or even how intelligent we were.
The queries and concerns that we have regarding such an intriguing part of science are still alive and well, although they are less talked about nowadays than they were those few years ago. However, this does not mean that they are any less relevant. In fact, they are as relevant today as they ever were.
There are a number of very real and very troubling concerns surrounding genetic engineering, although there are also some very real benefits to further genetic engineering and genetic research, too.
It seems, therefore, as though genetic engineering is both a blessing and a curse, as though we stand to benefit as well as lose from developing this area of science even further. With genetic engineering, we will be able to increase the complexity of our DNA, and improve the human race.
But it will be a slow process, because one will have to wait about 18 years to see the effect of changes to the genetic code. Here are just a few of the benefits: Tackling and Defeating Diseases Some of the most deadly and difficult diseases in the world, that have so resisted destruction, could be wiped out by the use of genetic engineering.
There are a number of genetic mutations that humans can suffer from that will probably never be ended unless we actively intervene and genetically engineer the next generation to withstand these problems. For instance, Cystic Fibrosisa progressive and dangerous disease for which there is no known cure, could be completely cured with the help of selective genetic engineering.
Getting Rid of All Illnesses in Young and Unborn Children There are very many problems that we can detect even before children are born.
In fact, the date by which you can have an abortion has been pushed back relatively late just so that people can decide whether or not to abort a baby if it has one or more of these sorts of issues. However, with genetic engineering, we would no longer have to worry.
One of the main benefit of genetic engineering is that it can help cure and diseases and illness in unborn children. All children would be able to be born healthy and strong with no diseases or illnesses present at birth. Genetic engineering can also be used to help people who risk passing on terribly degenerative diseases to their children.
You cannot simply stop people from having children if they suffer from a disease like this, therefore genetic engineering can help to ensure that their children live long and healthy lives from either the disease itself or from carrying the disease to pass on to younger generations.
Potential to Live Longer Although humans are already living longer and longer — in fact, our lifespan has shot up by a number of years in a very short amount of time — because of the advances of modern medical science, genetic engineering could make our time on Earth even longer.
There are specific, common illnesses and diseases that can take hold later in life and can end up killing us earlier than necessary.
It could also help humans adapt to the growing problems of, for instance, global warming in the world. If the places we live in become either a lot hotter or colder, we are going to need to adapt, but evolution takes many thousands of years, so genetic engineering can help us adapt quicker and better.
Produce New Foods Genetic engineering is not just good for people. With genetic engineering we can design foods that are better able to withstand harsh temperatures — such as the very hot or very cold, for instance — and that are packed full of all the right nutrients that humans and animals need to survive.
We may also be able to make our foods have a better medicinal value, thus introducing edible vaccines readily available to people all over the world Cons of Genetic Engineering Perhaps more obvious than the pros of genetic engineering, there are a number of disadvantages to allowing scientists to break down barriers that perhaps are better left untouched.
Here are just a few of those disadvantages: Many religions believe that genetic engineering, after all, is tantamount to playing God, and expressly forbid that it is performed on their children, for instance.
Besides the religious arguments, however, there are a number of ethic objections. These diseases, after all, exist for a reason and have persisted throughout history for a reason.
Whilst we should be fighting against them, we do need at least a few illnesses, otherwise we would soon become overpopulated. May Lead to Genetic Defects Another real problem with genetic engineering is the question about the safety of making changes at the cellular level.
Scientists do not yet know absolutely everything about the way that the human body works although they do, of course, have a very good idea.
How can they possibly understand the ramifications of slight changes made at the smallest level? What if we manage to wipe out one disease only to introduce something brand new and even more dangerous? Additionally, if scientists genetically engineer babies still in the womb, there is a very real and present danger that this could lead to complications, including miscarriage early onpremature birth or even stillbirth, all of which are unthinkable.
The success rate of genetic experiments leaves a lot to be desired, after all. The human body is so complicated that scientists have to be able to predict what sort of affects their actions will have, and they simply cannot account for everything that could go wrong.
Limits Genetic Diversity We need diversity in all species of animals. By genetically engineering our species, however, we will be having a detrimental effect on our genetic diversity in the same way as something like cloning would.
Gene therapy is available only to the very rich and elite, which means that traits that tend to make people earn less money would eventually die out. Can it Go Too Far?We can also use gene therapy to treat and maybe prevent genetic/hereditary disorders. Research is being made into cures/treatments for cancer and more common chronic illnesses like heart disease and diabetes.
Genetic Engineering is the future. Genetic engineering can improve the health of society tremendously then as it is known today. Today genetic engineering is used in the fight against problems such as cystic fibrosis, the "bubble boy" disease (* see below), diabetes, and several more.
Genetic engineering can be seen to have the potential to cure several diseases and also act as a medium in order to change an individual’s appearance, voice, intelligence, behavior as well as . Genetic diseases, such as Cystic Fibrosis and Huntington's disease, are caused by small differences in the DNA that we get from each of our parents.
These differences affect how we use a particular gene, and that leads to disease. So we can't really get rid of a gene to cure a disease. However, with genetic engineering, we would no longer have to worry. One of the main benefit of genetic engineering is that it can help cure and diseases and illness in unborn children.
All children would be able to be born healthy and strong with no diseases or illnesses present at birth. Discuss the significance of genetic engineering with respect to its applications in medical sciences. There are various applications of genetic engineering in medicine, research and agriculture.
Genetic engineering has been verified as a successful way of treating various diseases caused by defective genes such as Cystic Fibrosis and Huntington’s disease etc.