Trafficking in these and other commodities is generally characterized by high levels of organization and the presence of strong criminal groups and networks.
Despite forty years of US-led international drug control efforts that prioritize eradication of production, interdiction of traffic, and criminalization of consumption, overall drug production, trafficking and consumption have remained consistently steady.
This was the case in the s and s with coca production in Peru, Colombia and Bolivia and with opium production in Burma and Afghanistan.
Some nations embrace various elements of a harm reduction approach, in which drug laws are set and evaluated with the goal of reducing the harm of drugs and drug policies. Afghanistan In Afghanistan, illicit opium production is so lucrative that establishment of a stable, non-corrupt central government is proving nearly impossible.
International efforts to stop Afghan farmers from growing opium have fallen flat because the well-resourced Taliban can provide for farmers in a way the government cannot.
Latin America In Latin America, which has been brutalized for decades by the US-led drug war, momentum is currently building to explore less punitive measures that would reduce the economic, social and human costs of the war on drugs.
Uruguay became the first country to legalize marijuana in December Latin America is a crucial geographic zone for drug production and trafficking.
As a result, the countries of the region have suffered various consequences of drug trafficking and US-led eradication and interdiction efforts. In production countries, these include environmental and community damage from forced eradication of coca crops such as aerial spraying and the funding of guerrilla insurgent groups through illicit crop cultivation and sale, most notably, FARC in Colombia and the Shining Path in Peru.
Throughout the entire region, in both drug production and trafficking areas, there has been an upsurge of violence, corruption, impunity, erosion of rule of law, and human rights violations caused by the emergence of powerful organized crime groups and drug cartels.
Law enforcement attempts to put cartels out of business by arresting key figures have led not to the demise of the drug trade, but to bloody struggles for control.
With prohibition propping up drug prices, it is inevitable that the drug trade will continue, no matter how risky or violent it gets. The region has become unsafe for human rights defenders and journalists that expose the violence; for politicians and security officials that refuse to be corrupted by drug trafficking groups; and, most of all, for its citizens that get caught in crossfire between rivaling gangs.
Increasingly, Latin American policymakers are speaking out against prohibition and are highlighting its devastating effects on the hemisphere.
Uruguay became the first country to legalize marijuana in DPA is working to keep Latin American leaders, officials and civil society informed on drug policy issues, with the aim of ensuring that the dialogue on alternatives to the war on drugs continues.
Europe Some nations are increasingly adopting less repressive policies including harm reduction approaches and decriminalization.
Several countries in Europe are implementing varying degrees of decriminalization — with Portugal as the most notable example. InPortugal decriminalized the use of all drugs and the results have been encouraging. Drug addiction, overdoses and drug-related HIV transmission have decreased dramatically in Portugal, without a significant increase in drug use.
Global Reform Efforts The United States and the United Nations, both of which have a great deal of influence on international drug laws, maintain a criminal justice rather than health-oriented approach.
They also continue to promote ineffective eradication and interdiction policies in countries where drugs are produced.
Oct 30, · News about Mexican Drug Trafficking (Mexico's Drug War), including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. International Drug Trafficking: A Global Problem with a Domestic Solution smuggling of humans into slavery and prostitution.' These illicit industries, or black markets, are the product of globalization. Legalizing drugs in the United States is far from an innovative idea. Drug trafficking by the numbers Illegal drugs in the United States create a huge black market industry, an estimated $$ billion a year in size, with the current decade seeing the largest per person drug usage per year in American history/5(22).
This sets the overall tone for global drug policy, so that the international community is locked into a model that promotes lucrative illicit markets dominated by organized crime.
As the international community grapples with these issues, solutions such as marijuana legalization to reduce the violence of Mexico's drug war, legal export of Afghan opium crops for medical use, and models that follow Portugal's drug laws become increasingly credible.
Their latest report — Regulation:The FBI investigation had agents posing as drug traffickers looking for law enforcement officers who could act as armed guards for people moving drugs and drug money.
Drug Trafficking and its effects in United States Drug trafficking is trade in illegal drugs and involves a global black market that is involved in a chain of activities before the drugs get to the consumer. This allowed the United States to intervene in activities related to illegal drug transport in Latin America.
Continuing into the s, the United States instated stricter policy pertaining to drug transit through sea.
As a result, there was an influx in drug-trafficking across the Mexico–U.S. border. This increased the drug cartel activity in Mexico.
Miami-Dade County How drug lords make billions smuggling gold to Miami for your jewelry and phones. According to the U.S.
Department of State, the United States is a destination country for thousands of men, women, and children trafficked from all areas of the world.
These victims are trafficked for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation. Barry Seal - gunrunner, drug trafficker, and covert C.I.A. operative extraordinaire - is hardly a familiar name in American politics. But nine years after he was murdered in a hail of bullets by Medellin cartel hit men outside a Salvation Army shelter in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, he has come back to haunt the reputations of three American presidents.